Varicose veins of the genital organs occur in both men and women. This disease can affect the penis, uterus, testicles, perineum, labia and vulva. The ongoing pathological changes not only negatively affect the health of the organ, but also affect the psychological state of the patient.
Varicose veins in women
According to statistics, such a pathology in women most often occurs on the lips. The first signs of the disease are a deterioration in general well-being, which affects sexual life.
There are several causes of varicose veins in women:
- Congenital or acquired insufficiency of the vascular walls. Varicose veins can form due to intense physical exertion, chronic diseases of the pelvic organs or obesity.
- The use of hormonal drugs, including contraceptives.
- Pregnancy. With each subsequent pregnancy, the risk of female genital varicose veins increases.
The presence of sexual varicose veins is evidenced by symptoms such as the appearance of "asterisks" or nodules on the veins in the intimate area. The skin in this area becomes dry and sensitive. In some women, pigmentation forms on the lips with varicose veins. A distinctive feature of the disease is that the lips begin to increase, swelling is formed, which leads to their deformation. It can increase as one lips and at the same time two. As the disease progresses, the woman begins to experience pain and itching.
In the risk group for the onset of the disease are those women who suffer from varicose veins in the legs.
As for pregnant women, the development of varicose veins of the genital organs occurs due to rapid weight gain, increased physical activity and the pressure of the enlarged uterus on the veins. Strong pressure from the fetus on the pelvic organs can provoke varicose veins of the vulva. When the capillaries break, which happens very rarely, a woman experiences mild bleeding.
It is worth noting that during the gestation of the fetus, the disease has no negative effect on it.
If the cause of the varicose veins of the genital organs was pregnancy, the disease will go away on its own a few months after giving birth. The main condition for recovery in such a situation is the exclusion of intense physical exertion and control of body weight.
Varicose veins of the male genital organs
The genitals of men are no less at risk of developing this disease than those of women. Surface localized vessels on a healthy male genital organ do not exceed 3-4 mm in diameter. The most common diagnosis is varicocele, which is the varicose veins of the testicles.
The causes of pathology in most cases are associated with a man's lifestyle, but in some situations the disease can occur due to circumstances beyond a person's control.
The main causes of varicose veins of the genital organs in men include:
- Injury to the genitals.
- The presence of benign or malignant neoplasms.
- Prolonged overcrowding of the bladder, which leads to compression of the organs.
- Previous surgery on the pelvic organs.
- Prolonged and regular independent delay in the ejaculation process.
- The use of various drugs, such as anesthetics, which help prolong sexual intercourse.
- Consequences of infectious diseases of the genital organs.
A man may suspect the presence of varicose veins if nodules of various sizes form under his skin on the vessels. Also, there is discomfort and a tingling sensation during intercourse. In an excited state, the veins swell and their density increases significantly.
Against the background of such changes, blood stagnation occurs. With varicose veins, the scrotum is characterized by its increase with a change in color. Further development of the disease is fraught with infertility, as the accumulated blood provokes overheating of the sperm.
Treatment of varicose veins of the genital organs in women and men
When the disease occurs during childbirth, a woman is advised not to over-strain and to wear compression underwear. In the event that the disease progresses and causes severe discomfort to the expectant mother, she is prescribed painkillers, hemostatic drugs and antiseptics. All medicines and their dosage are prescribed by a doctor. Attempts at self-treatment can harm the baby's intrauterine development.
In all other cases, the treatment is chosen by the doctor, based on the cause of the varicose veins. Surgical intervention is indicated in cases where conservative therapeutic methods do not give the desired results or are considered inappropriate.
Modern methods of treating genital varicose veins are performed by phlebectomy, radiofrequency and laser coagulation.
In men, this pathological process is eliminated by a conservative method of treatment due to temporary abstinence from sexual intercourse. In addition, analgesics, anti-inflammatory (non-steroidal) drugs and anticoagulants are prescribed.
Surgical treatment is performed by the method of alloying, excision or thrombectomy.